Differences between European vs American Roulette
Updated: Nov 5
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In the world of casino gaming, roulette stands as a timeless classic, captivating both professional players and newcomers.
While the essential rules and strategies of the game remain consistent, there are subtle distinctions between its two major variants: European Roulette and American Roulette.
This article delves into these distinctions, providing an in-depth comparison between the two to help you make an informed choice when you step up to the roulette table.
Table of Contents
Game Layout of Roulette
The most noticeable divergence between European and American Roulette lies in the layout of each game.
European Roulette features 37 pockets on the wheel, while its American counterpart boasts 38.
The reason for this discrepancy is the inclusion of two zeros on the American wheel, a ‘0’ pocket, and a ‘00’ pocket.
Both variants share 18 black and 18 red pockets, but the American wheel’s sequence differs, spinning numbers in a counter-clockwise order.
House Edge of Roulette
The house edge is a critical factor that influences players’ preferences when choosing between European and American Roulette.
The American Roulette wheel carries a higher house edge of approximately 5.26%, nearly double that of the European version.
This difference is primarily due to the presence of the ‘0’ and ‘00’ pockets on the American wheel, offering the house a more significant advantage, especially in even money bets.
In contrast, the European Roulette wheel boasts a lower house edge of about 2.7%. This reduced house edge is attributed to the single ‘0’ pocket.
Although the variation seems minor, it significantly affects players’ odds of winning.
With European Roulette, the odds of winning are 1 in 37, while American Roulette offers odds of 1 in 38.
The Exception to the House Edge
For professional players well-versed in roulette systems, the house edge may not be the sole determining factor.
Their ability to predict the winning number with precision gives them a significant edge over the house, with potential advantages of up to 120%.
In this context, the choice between European and American Roulette becomes less crucial, as skilled players can exploit their predictive abilities regardless of the wheel’s type.
Odds and RTP of Roulette
The disparities between European and American Roulette extend to odds and Return to Player (RTP).
The European variant offers more favorable odds and a higher RTP, which translates into better outcomes for players.
If you’re interested in exploring roulette with different odds, RTP, and unique features, there are numerous exciting roulette game types worth considering.
Game Rules of Roulette
While the fundamental rules of roulette remain consistent across all variants, specific rules and strategies are unique to each game.
European Roulette, for instance, offers the ‘En Prison rule,’ allowing players an additional spin when an even-money bet lands in the ‘0’ pocket.
This rule significantly reduces the house edge to as low as 1.35%. Additionally, European Roulette introduces ‘call bets,’ allowing players to announce their bets to the dealer, providing an alternative to placing chips directly on the betting table.
These call bets encompass options like Red Split and Neighbors, enhancing the gameplay experience.
Red Split & Neighbors of Roulette
American Roulette, on the other hand, permits a ‘5 number bet,’ encompassing 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3.
However, this bet comes with significant risks, as it bestows the house with a hefty 7.9% edge, making it less profitable than other wagers on the wheel.
Although it offers a 6:1 payout, the ‘5 number bet’ remains one of the least advantageous wagers in American Roulette.
Before diving into either American or European Roulette, it’s essential to acquaint yourself with the specific rules and their applicability, as some may vary in the online versions of the game. Make an informed choice and enjoy your roulette gaming experience.
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In the realm of casino gaming, European Roulette and American Roulette present subtle yet impactful differences.
While the fundamental objective remains predicting the roulette ball’s landing pocket, the choice between these variants can significantly influence your gaming experience.
European Roulette offers a lower house edge, favorable odds, and unique rules like ‘En Prison’ and ‘call bets.’
In contrast, American Roulette features additional pockets and riskier bets. Understanding these distinctions will empower you to make a more informed decision when you step up to the roulette table.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is the main difference between European and American Roulette in terms of game layout?
In European Roulette, there are 37 pockets on the wheel, while American Roulette has 38 pockets due to the inclusion of '0' and '00' pockets.
2. How does the house edge compare between European and American Roulette?
The house edge in American Roulette is approximately 5.26%, which is nearly double that of European Roulette, which has a house edge of about 2.7%.
3. Why does American Roulette have a higher house edge compared to European Roulette?
The higher house edge in American Roulette is primarily due to the presence of the '0' and '00' pockets on the wheel, giving the house a more significant advantage, especially in even-money bets.
4. Is there an exception to the house edge for professional players?
Yes, professional players who can predict winning numbers with precision can have an advantage over the house, with potential advantages of up to 120%. In such cases, the choice between European and American Roulette becomes less crucial.
5. How do the odds and Return to Player (RTP) differ between European and American Roulette?
European Roulette offers more favorable odds and a higher RTP, which translates into better outcomes for players.
6. Are there unique game rules in European Roulette that differ from American Roulette?
Yes, European Roulette features the 'En Prison rule,' which allows an additional spin when an even-money bet lands in the '0' pocket, significantly reducing the house edge to as low as 1.35%. Additionally, European Roulette introduces 'call bets' for more betting options.
7. What unique betting option does American Roulette offer?
American Roulette allows a '5 number bet' covering 0, 00, 1, 2, and 3. However, this bet comes with significant risks, as it gives the house a hefty 7.9% edge.
8. Is there a suggested online casino for playing Roulette mentioned in the article?
Yes, Maxim88 Casino is recommended as an ideal destination for playing Roulette, offering a secure gaming environment and a variety of Roulette variants.
9. How can players benefit from playing European Roulette?
European Roulette offers a lower house edge, favorable odds, and unique rules like 'En Prison' and 'call bets,' enhancing the player's gaming experience.
10. What key distinction should players understand when choosing between European and American Roulette?
Players should understand that the choice between European and American Roulette can significantly influence their gaming experience, with European Roulette offering lower house edge and more favorable odds, while American Roulette features additional pockets and riskier bets.
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